Client name: UK Department for International Development (DFID)

Duration: 2011

Location: Tanzania

Coffey carried out a study of corruption in the police and judiciary in Tanzania, to inform strategies for preventing and combating corruption in the country.  


Corruption is a serious problem in Tanzania, and the police and courts, which should play a key role in anti-corruption efforts, are perceived to be the most corrupt in the country. This corruption further weakens the rule of law, counteracts good governance and slows the country’s economic growth.

Solutions to corruption are never simple. Corruption is a pervasive and complex phenomenon, with unique sets of underlying causes and dynamics in each country, sector and institution. Anti-corruption efforts are further complicated by the difficulties of addressing institutional change within powerful institutions such as the police force and the courts, where anti-corruption activities can threaten networks of power and influence.

To inform DFID’s latest Strategic Business Case for Strengthening Oversight and Reducing Corruption in Tanzania, Coffey conducted a diagnostic study of corruption in the police force and judiciary.


Identify drivers of corruption – Through a comprehensive literature review, Coffey identified the main external drivers and internal enablers of corruption and examined how corruption manifests itself in these institutions. The work also involved a review of the internal and external accountability mechanisms and institutions of the police and courts.

Interviews with key actors - Our team conducted interviews with over 100 representatives of the police, courts and judiciary, oversight and accountability institutions, users of police and justice services, members of non-governmental organisations and civil society, and donors involved in the security and justice sector.

Anti-corruption expertise – The methodology for this study was based on the Corruption Assessment Handbook, developed by Management Systems International (MSI), a subsidiary of Coffey, based in the US. This handbook has been adopted by USAID as the framework for assessing corruption vulnerabilities and developing anti-corruption programs around the world. 


Capacity building – The study recommended improving the capacity of the Ministry of Home Affairs (which oversees the police and judiciary) to understand the separation of powers, to create external police and judiciary complaints units and to improve investigative and disciplinary structures for the enforcements of these frameworks.

Strengthen internal accountability – Second,the study recommended that the Ministry of Home Affairs improve its knowledge and understanding of judicial integrity and performance and of corruption’s broader effects on society and growth.

Public education – Third, the study recommended creating a public education and media campaign on police and judicial procedures to make the public aware of its rights and responsibilities in respect to the law. It also recommended support to civil society actors to publicise and advocate for the prevention of corruption in the police and judiciary.