Ensuring fairness in results-based aid
Client name: UK Department for International Development (DFID)
Scope of work: Independent Verification of Government of Ethiopia Educational Data for a Pilot of Results-Based Aid
Coffey verified exam results to ensure fairness in distributing results-based aid.
Girls are underrepresented in the education system in Ethiopia. This lower rate of education restricts female employment opportunities, resulting in female Ethiopians earning lower levels of income than their male counterparts. The aim of the UK-funded, results-based aid program was to improve girls’ access to, and quality of, lower secondary schooling.
The education program rewards the Ethiopian Government with aid on the basis of improvements in grade 10 examination results. In order to combat gender disadvantage, higher payments were made for girls passing and sitting the exam. Payments were also made for each boy passing and sitting the exam, but at a lower rate, to support an increase in the overall level of enrolment and education.
Funding of up to £10 million per year was available between 2012 and 2014 on the basis of grade 10 examination result statistics, subject to verification and review.
An independent and transparent review of the results was essential to verify that the program’s aims were being achieved. DFID contracted Coffey to verify the grade 10 exam results provided by the Government of Ethiopia. From 2011-2014 Coffey conducted data verification on the quality and accuracy of regional education data. This involved ensuring the accuracy of grade 10 examination pass rates, participation rates and enrolment figures.
The verification process entailed a thorough and comprehensive audit of the examination process, including data management and reporting processes. This assured DFID of the quality and reliability of results, providing confidence in the distribution of funds under the program.
In 2014, the last year of the program, there were 104,770 additional sitters (55% girls) and 16,155 additional passers (40% girls) of the grade 10 examination compared with 2013. After verification of the improvement in results the Government of Ethiopia received the predicted payment from DFID.